Population Health Resource Directory
My research interests relate to population health through the notion of “Total Worker Health”, i.e. how to promote an individual’s health and wellbeing through the work environment and interventions. United States has approximately 4% of its working population in construction, an occupation known for its stress, strains, and occupational hazards. Overtime hours, extreme working environments and chronic health conditions such as obesity, hypertension and hearing losses are also challenges construction workers face.
Being affiliated with the College of Built Environments, Department of Construction Management, and the Northwest Center for Occupational Health and Safety (NWCOHS, a NIOSH funded Education and Research Center) at the University of Washington, I am in a unique position to leverage a wealth of resources, talents, and contacts in my agenda of population health. One of my recent successes is the establishment of a new Master degree track, Construction Management Occupational Safety and Health, in 2015.
My overarching approach to support population health is by: (1) identifying and characterizing how the work environment in construction contributes to the personal-level health factors, (2) developing work-related technological, managerial and physical interventions to address the identified health factors, and (3) enabling the practical adoption of developed interventions through partnership, outreach, training and education. I am highly interested in the use of wearable technologies at the personal level and collaborate with industry practitioners as well as colleagues from the School of Public Health in the applications of sensing technologies for health studies in construction.
Professor Marshall studies air pollution and public health. He uses models and measurements to understand human exposure to air pollution, and to estimate the exposure impacts of changes in air pollution emissions.
His work includes cook-stove intervention studies of indoor air pollution in India; modeling health and climate impacts of food, transportation, and electricity systems; satellite-based land-use regression models of air pollution; and, investigations of environmental justice: relationships between air pollution exposures and demographic aspects such as race and income.
AIMS (Advancing Integrated Mental Health Solutions) Center faculty and staff at the University of Washington have worked for over 20 years to develop, test and implement an approach called Collaborative Care to treat the large numbers of people suffering unnecessarily from mental illness. Collaborative Care is an integrated care model that brings high quality mental health care to primary care clinics and other familiar settings. Its strength lies in treating persistent mental health conditions like depression and anxiety that require systematic follow-up for patients to get better.
Mr. Gleason worked for Federal OSHA and State WISHA as an inspector for thirteen years. He has been teaching at the University of Washington for the last 15 years. He currently assists the University of Washington OSHA Training center providing services to Region 10 comprising Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Alaska.
Mr. Gleason also assists in third party liability cases as an expert witness in construction, general industry and maritime safety cases. After the cases are settled he uses the information (without the names of the establishments) as real world case histories in his courses.
Dr. Adam Drewnowski is the Director of the Center for Public Health Nutrition; the UW Center for Obesity Research, and the Nutritional Sciences Program and Professor of Epidemiology at the School of Public Health. He obtained his MA degree in biochemistry at Balliol College, Oxford, and PhD degree in psychology at The Rockefeller University in New York.
The Seattle Obesity Study (S.O.S.), funded by the National Institutes of Health, has developed new methods and measures to explore links between obesity and social disparities, and diet quality and diet cost. Importantly, the SOS has pioneered the use of GIS/GPS technologies and new methods of spatial analysis to assess the impact of the built environment on population health. The SOS is a collaboration between the SPH, the Urban Form Lab in the College of Built Environments and the Group Health Research Institute.
Dr. Drewnowski has published over 300 peer-review papers, and advises governments, foundations and the private sector on issues related to sustainable food and nutrition security. Dr. Drewnowski has also developed a family of nutrient profiling models and new metrics to assess the foods’ nutritional value per calorie and per unit cost. Latest applications of nutrient profiling include measuring the environmental cost of alternative diets as measured in terms of land use, water use, or greenhouse gas emissions.
My work has focused on diverse populations including American Indians and U.S. veterans. In particular I have worked at the interface of public health and genetics to better understand the health consequences of service in combat. Most of my recent work has focused on the mental health consequences of combat exposure using the Vietnam Era Twin Registry- the largest national twin registry in the U.S. With more than 30 years of follow-up data this resource is a unique platform for studies of population health in the veteran population.
Ana M. Gómez-Bravo is a Professor of Spanish in the Department of Spanish and Portuguese Studies at the University of Washington. Her current work focuses on issues related to food and culture in the Hispanic World, including the impact of culture on nutrition, and traditional medicine and health practices.
Professor Gómez-Bravo is the author of Food and Culture in the Hispanic World (Comida y cultura en el mundo hispánico) (Equinox 2017) as well as other books and many articles focusing on various topics on pre-modern literature and culture as well as the role of food and medicine in the development of the idea of ethnic and racial difference.
A main goal of my research is to investigate mechanisms of ectopic calcification leading to the development of molecular and cellular therapies for chronic kidney disease, diabetes, valve disease, and trauma-related heterotopic ossification. Projects have included mechanistic studies for novel therapeutic targets and treatment for ectopic calcification in disease, traumatic injury, and medical devices, as well as identifying biomimetic strategies to improve biocompatibility and promote tissue regeneration. Populations suffering from renal disease, diabetes, traumatic brain and spinal cord injury, and old age are particularly prone to soft tissue calcifications, leading to increased morbidity and mortality. Our research will help to elucidate new ways to prevent and/or treat this debilitating problem in different populations.
I am a health services researcher focused on the implementation of team based care for chronic illness with a particular focus on common mental disorders such as depression. My expertise lies in the use of implementation science to understand the process of what is often called practice transformation. This work is underway in the US and in low and middle incoem countries.
I am the Jill Bennett Endowed Professor of Breast Cancer and Professor of Global Health at the University of Washington and a Member of the Clinical Research Division at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. I am committed to improving outcomes in women’s cancers at both a local and global level.
I am the co-Founder, Medical Director and Team Physician for Team Survivor Northwest, a Seattle-based non-profit aimed at helping female cancer survivors improve their health through fitness and exercise. I founded the Women’s Empowerment Cancer Advocacy Network (WE CAN) to empower breast and cervical cancer patient advocates in low- and middle-income countries to become strong partners in improving breast cancer outcomes in their countries. WE CAN hosts regional patient education and advocacy summits in Eastern Europe/Central Asia and East Africa. I am co-Chair of the Breast Cancer Initiative 2.5 (BCI2.5), a campaign focused on improving breast cancer outcomes globally by 2025. I am a member of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center’s Global Oncology program and mentor medical oncology fellows from the Uganda Cancer Institute both in Seattle and Uganda.
Dr. Nancy Puttkammer is an Acting Assistant Professor in the Department of Global Health at University of Washington and a Research and Evaluation Advisor at the International Training and Education Center for Health (I-TECH). She completed a PhD in Health Services Research (University of Washington), a MPH in Community Health Education (University of California—Berkeley), and a BA in History (Princeton University). Her research interests are in evaluation of health information systems, assessment of data quality and data use in health information systems, continuous quality improvement of health services, and evaluating strategies to improve adherence and retention in HIV care and treatment programs.
Dr. Puttkammer is collaborating with Ministries of Health in Haiti and Kenya to use observational, routinely-collected data from electronic medical records (EMRs) to evaluate patient retention and other health outcomes in national HIV antiretroviral therapy programs. She works with informatics and training projects in Haiti, Kenya, and South Africa to improve large-scale implementation of EMRs, evaluate data quality and data use, support data analyses, and develop capacity for data use and implementation science research among colleagues and counterparts.
Within the University of Washington, she serves as an instructor for courses in “Fundamentals of Implementation Science” and “Research and Evaluation Methods in Developing Countries.” She has worked with HIV prevention, care and treatment and health systems strengthening programs in the US, Africa and the Caribbean for more than 20 years.
Decreasing opiod use, increasing chronic pain management and palliative care
My research lies at the junction of HIV modeling; data collection and analysis for empirical sexual network structure; and development of statistical methods and tools for social network analysis. My work integrating sexual behavior data with HIV transmission modeling has the broad goal of understanding the sources of disparities in HIV burden among populations and the potential impact of interventions. In the former area, I have published work on behavioral aspects of the HIV epidemic, including sexual role versatility; commercial sex venues; serosorting; and concurrent partnerships. In the latter, I have addressed the impact of interventions around sexual behavior, circumcision, PrEP, testing and treatment, primarily among populations of men who have sex with men in multiple domestic and international settings.
On the methods side, I have for the last 15 years been a member of the Statnet Development Team, which has developed the statnet suite of software packages for statistical analysis and simulation of network data and models; I have also published on the statistical theory behind these models, including assessment of model fit and on algorithms to improve estimation. We have also developed EpiModel, a general use package for population modeling of infectious diseases, and regularly teach intensive workshops on its use at UW and around the world. I am currently funded through five NIH grants and one CDC contract, and sit on an NIH planning board pertaining to population and health for HIV.
Dr. Fenske’s work has focused on the evaluation of environmental health risks in special populations, such as children, farm workers, and farm producers. Specialty areas include health risks of pesticide exposures, development of new exposure assessment methods, and investigation of the role of skin exposure for workers and children. His teaching activities include exposure assessment, environmental risk, and public health policy related to pesticides.
Dr. Fenske directs the Pacific Northwest Agricultural Safety and Health Center, a regional center devoted to the prevention of injury and illness among operators, workers, and their families in Northwest farming, forestry and fishing. He received the 2006 NIOSH Director’s Award for Excellence in Research and the 2007 Jerome Wesolowski Award for Outstanding Contributions to the Field of Exposure Science from the International Society of Exposure Science.
He currently serves as a member of National Academy of Sciences/Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine. In 2008-2009 Dr. Fenske was Chair of the Institute of Medicine’s Committee to Review the Health Effects of Vietnam Veterans of Exposure to Herbicides (Seventh Biennial Update), and served from 2006-2009 as a member of the Environmental Protection Agency’s Human Studies Review Board. He also authored the Chemical Hazards section of the International Labor Organization’s Protocol on Agricultural Health and Safety in 2009. He recently served as Co-Chair, Technical Advisory Group on Climate Change, Human Health and Security, Washington State (2010-12).
The purpose of this research group is to examine social and racial inequalities that results in health disparities. This UW Bothell-based group examines the social context, and social predictors of poor health across multiple chronic health indicators across a diverse group of foreign born and native born respondents.
A key focus of this group is to examine the relationship between perceived and actual racial/ethnic discrimination in health.
I am a nurse epidemiologist and an Assistant Professor in the Department of Family and Child Nursing with adjunct appointment in the Department of Global Health at the University of Washington, and am co-Director of the School of Nursing’s Center for Global Health Nursing. I also serve as a senior technical advisor at Health Alliance International where I specialize in implementation research focusing on intervention development and testing for strengthening health systems (including quality improvement, process flow mapping, cascade analysis, improving quality and use of routine data), and the evaluation of implementation processes to identify drivers of success.
I have spent over 15 years working overseas in resource limited settings in sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America, most extensively in Mozambique where I was seconded into the Ministry of Health as an advisor in HIV/AIDS care and treatment where I supported the scale-up of both antiretroviral (ART) and pMTCT programs nationally.
Finally, I am a globally recognized expert in the application of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR)in resource limited settings as part of formative and summative evaluation efforts for complex interventions in multi-country implementation research trials.
My research falls within two main schema: promoting healthy communities and explaining racial disparities in clinical outcomes. Currently, the focus of my research is to evaluate to what degree social position, structures, and systems perpetuate cancer disparities via stress, obesity, and related behaviors. I am using advanced methods including multilevel modeling as well as advanced time-to-event and causal mediation analyses to explicate these relationships while engaging with vulnerable communities to promote health. Specifically, I am evaluating the role of obesity in survival disparities among African-American versus White women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer.
I have also been working with a local African-American faith community to promote breast cancer screening as an early detection strategy. We have worked to adapt and implement The Witness Project®, a research-tested intervention program to promote breast and cervical screening using trained cancer survivors that was developed among rural African-American faith communities in the South. We chose to focus our iteration on breast cancer screening only in order to leverage the survivorship experience of community partners, feasibly build community capacity within the church, as well as determine whether the program was a good fit before possible scale-up. Our program demonstrated statistically significant increases in breast cancer knowledge among female attendees and we are currently discussing further implementation, evaluation, and dissemination of our work together.
Ali Shojaie is an Associate Professor of Biostatistics and Adjunct Associate Professor of Statistics at the University of Washington.
Originally trained in Industrial and Systems Engineering, he obtained his PhD in Statistics from the University of Michigan, while completing Masters degrees in Applied Mathematics and Human Genetics. Dr. Shojaie’s research lies in the intersection of machine learning for high-dimensional data, statistical network analysis and applications in biology and social sciences. Dr. Shojaie’s team has developed methods and publicly available software for network-based analysis of various types of “omics” data, as well as high-dimensional time course data from molecular biology and neuroscience.
Dr. Shojaie is a PI of the Statistical Learning Applied to Biostatistics Lab (SLAB LAB) and is co-Director of the Summer Institute in Statistics for Big Data (SISBID).
As an epidemiologist and research professor, I have focused my entire career on understanding, evaluating and developing interventions to improve the health of populations in communities in the US and globally. While the methods I utilize can address most health environments, I am primarily involved in studies of aging and risk factors related to hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, dementia and cognitive decline. While I remain active in long-term longitudinal cohorts supported by NIH to study risk factors for clinical and subclinical cardiovascular disease including ethnic disparities, I am currently collaborating on projects addressing non-communicable diseases in low and middle income countries (LMICs) including Nepal, Cambodia, Kenya and Malawi.
I graduated with a BSc (Hons) from the former University of Natal, Durban, South Africa, and with a PhD in Mathematical Statistics from the Georg-August University in Goettingen, Germany. From 1985-1995 I was based in South Africa, engaging as a biostatistician in both health research and development of biostatistics educational programs, including the biostatistics curriculum for the MPH at University of Cape Town. Since 1996, I have been on the faculty of the Department of Biostatistics in the UW School of Public Health.
I have continued to collaborate with colleagues in South Africa and to teach there. I am an Honorary Professor in the School of Nursing and Public Health at the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), South Africa. I am a passionate educator, and I have been involved in well-received initiatives to promote biostatistics development in South Africa, most recently in-person and online courses in Biostatistics and Biostatistical Reasoning for health researchers at UKZN and collaboration with UW’s I-TECH to develop a curriculum for distance-based education for South African health care.
I have a substantial body of work, both in the USA and South Africa, aimed at identifying problem pregnancies and establishing risk factors for these pregnancies. I also have extensive South African collaborations in the field of environmental and occupational epidemiology, in studies of neurological and respiratory function in particular. My current research in South Africa is primarily focused on the impact of firearm availability on homicide rates.
The Center for Cardiovascular Biology is dedicated to discovering the molecular basis of cardiovascular disease, harnessing this information to develop new therapies, and training the next generation of cardiovascular physicians and scientists.
The University of Washington’s DISCOVER (Disease Investigation through Specialized Clinically Oriented Ventures in Environmental Research) Center studies the mechanistic relationship between cardiovascular disease and traffic related air pollution.
The study is composed of five closely linked projects that explore this relationship through a diverse set of research approaches. Our ultimate mission is to transfer the findings of the center rapidly into the development of improved clinical and public health practice
Studies genetic epidemiology of cardiovascular and blood disease.
Dr. Hess is Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine and Associate Professor of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences. He has an MD and an MPH in global environmental health and is residency trained and board certified in emergency medicine. He is the principal investigator of an NIH-funded grant supporting work in India on the epidemiology of extreme heat and strategies for developing, implementing, and evaluating heat early warning systems.
He is a member of the Center for Health and the Global Environment (CHanGE) at UW. Dr. Hess is also a consultant for the Climate and Health Program at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, where he works as a medical advisor on the health effects of climate change and evidence-based interventions to enhance preparedness and promote climate change adaptation at the state and federal levels. He is a section editor at the Western Journal of Emergency Medicine and a recipient of the Presidential GreenGov award.
My research interests involve the application of analytical chemistry to the development of techniques for assessment of exposure to toxic chemicals, and the subsequent application of those techniques to investigate occupational and environmental exposures. I am particularly interested in the development of analytical methodology to measure xenobiotics and their metabolites or transformation products in biological samples (biomarkers). Specific exposures of interes include diesel exhaust, woodsmoke, pesticides and toxic metals.